European Antibiotic Awareness Day is marked annually on the 18th November to raise awareness about the threat to public health of antibiotic resistance and prudent antibiotic use. The latest data confirms that across the European Union the number of patients infected by resistant bacteria is increasing and that antibiotic resistance is a major threat to public health. On the occasion of the 7th European Antibiotic Awareness Day, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) will be releasing its latest EU-wide data on antibiotic resistance (EARS-Net annual report and interactive database). The ECDC data will show that the rate at which the percentage of Staphylococcus aureus resistant to methicillin (MRSA) decreased for the period 2010 to 2013 was reduced compared to the previous four-year period, despite all of the initiatives in place to fight this superbug. MRSA remains a major public health problem in Europe, with seven out of thirty reporting countries having MRSA percentages above 25%. The European Antibiotic Awareness Day is part of the UK 5 Year Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy 2013 to 2018, which focuses on antibiotics and sets out actions to slow the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. This year, Public Health England has established the Antibiotic Guardian pledge campaign. More information about the 7th European Antibiotic Awareness Day can be found here, here and here.